September 09, 2019

# What is the accounting equation?

The accounting equation is a fiscal formula used to calculate the relationship between various economic indicators within a business. This equation is usually presented in the form of a simple breakdown of values on a balance sheet. The accountancy formula highlights a connection between a firm’s various capital, as well as all the obligations and funds of the shareholders (owners) of a business. In a typical accountancy formula, the company’s assets are listed on the left side of the balance sheet, and the remaining financial obligations of the firm are placed on the right hand. In essence, the accountancy formula demonstrates how each basic capital flow affects the aggregate balance sheets, and accordingly on double-entry accounting.

## What does the accounting formula look like?

The accountancy formula typically looks like this:

Assets = Liabilities + Equity.

Nevertheless, other variations exist, such as:

Liabilities = Assets – Equity;

Equity = Assets-Liabilities.

Thus, the accountancy formula offers a simple way of tracking the entirety of financial activities in a firm, as a balance sheet naturally lends itself to monitoring all the values in the formula. The formula itself is not what is so impressive, however. What is impressive is that the accountancy formula is so incredibly practical for business owners because it gives an almost totally accurate and full picture of how the firm is doing financially.

## Main characteristics of the accounting equation

The basis of this popular accounting model stretches back to more than 500 years. The basic method was developed by a monk in the Renaissance period, who decided he was going to analyze numerous successful and failed trading companies. Even though it came into fruition so long ago, the system continues to be relevant to modern businesses everywhere. In certain studies, a person simply looking at a company’s ledger for a few minutes was able to make assessments about the company’s worth as accurately as even the most sophisticated computer system.

### Existing firm assets

A firm’s positive worth can be represented in the form of its fiscal resources. Here are a few examples of assets that you might find in any given company:

Money in the company’s account

Company’s receivables

Stocks of materials and equipment

Land plots of the enterprise

Buildings owned by the company

Intangible funds in the form of patents or ownership of other company’s equipment.

Therefore, when evaluating assets, it is vital to take into account every resource included in this list to fully appreciate the value of a firm, not just how much money it has in the bank at any given time.

### Obligations of the entity

The liabilities of the enterprise are those amounts of cash that the company must pay to third parties. That is, the third parties that could have been previously granted money or other financial obligations that the enterprise assumed and is obliged to repay within a certain period. Accordingly, the number of obligations is the real state of the company’s liabilities in the current time. Using this as an indicator works very well because it shows the existing liabilities of the company, which must be taken into account when calculating the total net income.

### Share of the firm

This criterion of the equation represents the personal funds that the owner has invested to found the company. Fiscal market experts frequently refer to this parameter as a “net asset.” In other words, these are the assets of an enterprise minus accounts payable. The owner(s) of the enterprise may be an individual or a group of people.

More specifically, the owner(s) could be individual entrepreneurs, enterprise unions, and sometimes corporations. If the owner of the firm is an individual, he or she has what is called ‘sole proprietorship.’ Further, this enterprise owner’s share is the personal funds that they have contributed to the foundation of the company. On the other hand, if an enterprise was founded as a partnership between several entrepreneurs, then the equity, in this case, consists of the individual net income of each of these partners.

If an enterprise was created by a corporation, which is, in fact, the most common scenario, the share of the company’s equity is represented as shares.

## Why is the accountancy formula so crucial for business?

So, it appears that the accounting equation is necessary for any business owner who wants an in-depth analysis of the current state of their business. This simple balance sheet very clearly outlines how fiscally prosperous an enterprise is and what investment transactions it can undertake in future projects. To get a complete picture of the firm’s asset condition, one must calculate the accounting equation and compare all the indicators involved. After this, business owners will be able to accurately see how many net income funds an enterprise has and how much is required to pay on accounts payable terms.

The primary purpose of the accounting formula is to have a simple way to analyze and understand an enterprise’s financial situation at any time. This system offers an idea of how much capital you have available to you, and whether you can fulfill your fiscal obligations to creditors in the future. Another benefit is that it can provide charts and a full financial history of a firm whenever you have to provide this information.

By simply using the accountancy formula, you can make informed decisions about expanding your business and easily understand how you can simultaneously pay off financial liabilities.

This formula has been a huge success for swathes of experts who needed to conduct analyses that were both quick and thorough. It is a basic that every business owner should be able to do. For a business to succeed, it is imperative to be able to track certain parameters, such as how much money an enterprise receives from various sources, to determine if they are capable of investing in the necessary materials to continue with new projects. Lastly, don’t forget that the state of payables must be taken into account when assessing the total value of a company.